آهنگ و رقص مهر و ماه

Song & Dance of the Sun and Moon


Khorshīd or Khorshēd (Persian: خورشید‎‎, meaning the Sun or the "Radiant Sun"), also spelled as Khurshed and Khurshid is also known as Surya, Mitra or Mehr for its life giving and nourishing properties.

Surya represents the eternal soul, will-power, fame, the eyes, who controls the order of the cosmos, general vitality, courage, kingship, father, highly placed persons and authority.

The Sun has alternately been interpreted as symbol of King Jamshid, the mythical king of Iran whom is also credited with inventing music in ancient Persia.







In regards to the origin of Persian dance, all evidence points to the appearance of Mithraists about two thousand years before our calendar. The origin and rise of Persian dance as an independent and distinctive art form is estimated to be parallel with the birth of Mithraism and its spread. This centrally revolves around the ancient Persia’s sun and light God, Mithra.





The most significant bases for researching around the ancient Persian dance can be found in the Greek historian from Halikarnassos, Herodotos’ superb work “Nine Books”. He describes the old history of Asian empires and Persian wars until 478 BC.





In several occasions he has indicated and in detail described the cultural and social habits of Persians. He has mentioned the wide cultural exchange that Persians had with the ancient world. “From every corner of the known (antique) world, the most appreciated artists were imported to the imperial court in order to practice their artistic abilities in the presence of the majestic Emperor and his court.”





Ketzias has specifically mentioned a sort of Persian dance, which was performed in connection with the ceremonies of Mithrakana (Mehrgan) in which even the King participated. “The King in India never appears if he is drunk. But unlike him in Persia, the Emperor drinks precious wine and devotes himself to the Persic dance during the ceremonies arranged in honor of Mithra”. Douris from Samos reports about the same royal tradition: “Only in one occasion the King drinks wine and dances Persic dance and it is when worshipping Mithra.”





The moon is a feminine symbol, universally representing the rhythm of time as it embodies the femal menstrual cycle. The phases of the moon symbolize immortality and eternity, enlightenment or the darker side of Nature herself. It effects inner knowledge and the phases of man's state and condition on earth, since it controls the tides, the rains, the waters, and the seasons. It is the middle ground between the light of the sun and the darkness of night, and thus often represents the realm between the conscious and the unconscious. In astrology, the moon is a symbol of the soul, and in the horoscope it determines the subject's capacity for reflection and adaptation. It also provides analogy for the stages of human development: the new moon is infancy, the crescent is youth and adolescence, the full moon is maturity and pregnancy, and the waning moon represents the decline of life, sleep. The Moon is the Symbol of Women while the Sun is the symbol of Man.