IMPERIAL JAPAN

Land of the Rising Sun








The surrender of Imperial Japan was announced by Japanese Emperor Hirohito on August 15 and formally signed on September 2, 1945, bringing the hostilities of World War II to a close. By the end of July 1945, the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) was incapable of conducting major operations and an Allied invasion of Japan was imminent.

Together with the British Empire and China, the United States called for the unconditional surrender of the Japanese armed forces in the Potsdam Declaration on July 26, 1945—the alternative being "prompt and utter destruction".

While publicly stating their intent to fight on to the bitter end, on August 6, 1945, at 8:15 AM local time, the United States detonated an atomic bomb over the Japanese city of Hiroshima. Sixteen hours later, American President Harry S. Truman called again for Japan's surrender, warning them to "expect a rain of ruin from the air, the like of which has never been seen on this earth.", Hours later, the United States dropped a second atomic bomb, this time on the Japanese city of Nagasaki.





Following these events, Emperor Hirohito intervened and ordered the Supreme Council for the Direction of the War to accept the terms the Allies had set down in the Potsdam Declaration for ending the war.

The role of the atomic bombings in Japan's unconditional surrender, and the ethics of the two attacks, is still debated.





The Japanese Imperial Terms for Surrender were that the position of Emperor of Japan remain intact and the Emperor not be charged for War Crimes.





The Emperor of Japan is the head of state and the head of the Imperial Family of Japan. Under the Constitution of Japan, he is defined as "the Symbol of the State and of the Unity of the People" and his title is derived from "The Will of the People, Who are the Sovereign". Imperial Household Law governs the line of Imperial succession. The Supreme Court does not have judicial power over him.

He is also the Head of the Shinto religion. In Japanese, the Emperor is called Tennō (天皇, pronounced [tennoꜜː]), literally "Emperor, Who the God Approves". The Japanese Shinto religion holds him to be the direct descendant of the Sun goddess Amaterasu.

Currently, the Emperor of Japan is the only head of state in the world with the highest monarchical title of "Emperor". The Imperial House of Japan is the oldest continuing monarchical house in the world. The role of the Emperor of Japan has historically alternated between a largely ceremonial symbolic role and that of an actual imperial ruler. The emperor's powers are limited only to important ceremonial functions.

Japanese Internment Camps


The internment of Japanese Americans in the United States during World War II was the forced relocation and incarceration in concentration camps in the western interior of the country of about 120,000, people of Japanese ancestry, most of whom lived on the Pacific Coast. Sixty-two percent of the internees were United States citizens. These actions were ordered by President Franklin D. Roosevelt shortly after Imperial Japan's attack.

The Attack on Pearl Harbor was a surprise military strike by the Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service upon the United States (a neutral country at the time) against the naval base at Pearl Harbor in Honolulu, Territory of Hawaii, just before 08:00, on Sunday morning, December 7, 1941. The attack led to the United States formal entry into World War II the next day.

There is speculation that the United States forced the Japanese to attack by applying insurmountable economic pressure on Japan.

The Rape of Nanking & War Crimes





The Nanjing Massacre or the Rape of Nanjing (alternately written as the Nanking Massacre or the Rape of Nanking) was an episode of mass murder and mass rape committed by Imperial Japanese troops against the residents of Nanjing (Nanking), at that time the Capital of China, during the Second Sino-Japanese War.

The massacre occurred over a period of six weeks starting on December 13, 1937, the day that the Japanese captured Nanjing. During this period, soldiers of the Imperial Japanese Army murdered disarmed combatants and Chinese civilians numbering an estimated 40,000 to over 300,000, and perpetrated widespread rape and looting.

The International Military Tribunal for the Far East estimated that 20,000 women, including some children and the elderly, were raped during the occupation. A large number of rapes were done systematically by the Japanese soldiers as they went from door to door, searching for girls, with many women being captured and gang raped. The women were often killed immediately after being raped, often through explicit mutilation or by penetrating vaginas with bayonets, long sticks of bamboo, or other objects.





Many people fault Hirohito for some of the more egregious crimes committed by the Japanese military. The emperor’s office apparently signed off on uses of chemical weapons during the war in China. He also knew about mistreatment of prisoners of war, and about killings & rapes of civilians in Nanking, but did nothing to stop the practices or punish military leaders (which he could have done). These cases fit a larger pattern of Hirohito being blamed for inaction.





The Bravest Unit in the US Army

The 442nd Infantry Regiment was an infantry regiment of the United States Army. The regiment is best known for its history as a fighting unit composed almost entirely of second-generation American soldiers of Japanese ancestry (Nisei) who fought in World War II. Many of the soldiers from the continental U.S. had families in internment camps while they fought abroad. The 442nd Regiment is the most decorated & considered the most bravest unit in U.S. military history.

Beginning in 1944, the regiment fought primarily in the European Theatre, in particular Italy, southern France, and Germany. The 442nd Regimental Combat Team (RCT) was organized on March 23, 1943, in response to the War Department's call for volunteers to form the segregated Japanese American army combat unit.

More than 12,000 Nisei (second-generation Japanese American) volunteers answered the call. Ultimately 2,686 from Hawaii and 1,500 from U.S. incarceration camps assembled at Camp Shelby, Mississippi in April 1943 for a year of infantry training. The unit's motto was "Go for Broke".

The unit including the 100th Infantry Battalion earned more than 18,000 awards in less than two years, including more than 4,000 Purple Hearts and 4,000 Bronze Star Medals. The unit was awarded eight Presidential Unit Citations (five earned in one month). Twenty-one of its members were awarded Medals of Honor. In 2010, Congress approved the granting of the Congressional Gold Medal to the 442nd Regimental Combat Team and associated units who served during World War II, and in 2012, all surviving members were made chevaliers of the French Légion d'Honneur for their actions contributing to the liberation of France and their heroic rescue of the Lost Battalion.


War Time Propoganda





Japanese Imperial Court Music (Gagaku)





Japanese Imperial Court Music is very unique and beautiful and considered a tangible cultural heritage. Japanese culture is a mix of modern and ancient traditions, simplicity with deep roots in simplicity and various forms of Buddhist practices.

Gagaku (雅楽, imperial court music and dances, lit. "elegant music") is a type of Japanese classical music. Gagaku is a musical art that was created by the fusion of music brought to Japan from continental Asia and Japanese original music and dance. It was developed as court music of the Kyoto Imperial Palace, and the almost same form as today was established in the Heian period around the 10th century. Today, it is performed by the Board of Ceremonies in the Tokyo Imperial Palace. Gagaku consists of three primary repertoires:

Native Shinto religious music & imperial songs & dance, called Kuniburi no utamai (国風歌舞)
Vocal music based on native folk poetry, called Utaimono (謡物)
Songs and dance based on foreign-style music
A Chinese, Vietnamese and Indian form (specifically Tang Dynasty), called Tōgaku (唐楽)
A Korean and Manchurian form, called komagaku (高麗楽)
Gagaku, like shōmyō, employ the yo scale, a pentatonic scale with ascending intervals of two, three, two, two, and three semitones between the five scale tones.
Artistically it differs from the music of the corresponding Chinese form yayue (雅楽) which is a term reserved for ceremonial music.


Tokyo





I have been to Japan, it's an amazing country with an amazing mix of modern and ancient culture mixed together. The people are very friendly, they will all stop to help you if you ask for directions and go out of their way to help people (Arigato!), they have people pushers in the subway and everything is extremely disciplined and on-time. The Japanese Koto music, tea ceremonies, gardens and geisha traditions are very beautiful.





The Japanese have a very strong work ethic, some die of hard work and exhaustion, most Japanese consider honor to be most important and would commit suicide if they deem they were un-honorable which is called ("Kobayashi Harakiri") pictured below.





They have a very high suicide rate, during WW2 many air force pilots after not having any bombs left would dive into the ships with their airplanes which was called ("Kamikaze") pictured below.





Kamikaze (神風, Japanese pronunciation: [kamiꜜkaze]; "divine wind" or "spirit wind"), officially Kamikaze/Shinpū Tokubetsu Kōgekitai (神風特別攻撃隊, "Divine Wind Special Attack Unit"), were a part of the Japanese Special Attack Units of military aviators who flew suicide attacks for the Empire of Japan against Allied naval vessels in the closing stages of the Pacific campaign of World War II, intending to destroy warships more effectively than with conventional air attacks. About 3,800 kamikaze pilots died during the war, and more than 7,000 naval personnel were killed by kamikaze attacks.





Although a little bit stereo typing Japanese are a very racist, I think their heaven is when they are peaceful, not racist and appreciate & delight in their own culture, traditions & wisdom which they value most. Some might still think they are the superior race and everyone is inferior to them, which is probably remnants of WW2 mentality.





When encountering ("Racism") worldwide, it is alway best to maintain the moral high-ground and ignore it completely, although if deemed necessary and only and only for defensive purposes one can also take a stand and put them in their place as an absolutely last resort, which is what I learned as a kid in Karate classes, Insha'Allah this will never happen, Ameen Ya Rabul Alameen!





Racism would result in utter and total destruction and devestation as seen in the UK, Germany & Japan. Most of Japan was fire bombed and razed to the ground during WW2 which was different from the atomic bombings.





Japanese are perfectionists, I remember as a kid in Tokyo, a shopkeeper was pointing at a very tiny un-seeable spot and yelling at the worker telling him he had not done a good job cleaning the windows (which really seemed to be completely clean and spotless).





Japanese wives are considered extremely loyal and overall Japanese culture, martial arts, sports and traditions are truly amazing! I wish them the best and hope to visit Japan again sometime in the future.




Sayonara